Hiatal Hernias are protrusions of the stomach’s upper portion into the thorax due to weaknesses and tears in the diaphragm at the bottom of the rib cage that may result in either sliding hiatal hernias, where the diaphragm along with part of the stomach, moves above the gastroesophagael junction, or rolling hiatal hernias where part of the stomach passes through the esophagael hiatus and lays beside the esophagus.
Hiatal hernias may produce dull chest pains, esophagael strictures, heart palpitations that irritate the vagus nerve, and cause shortnesses of breath due to bile accumulations, air pressures, or reflux gastric acid buildups, however, hiatal hernias may also possess no associated symptoms.
With diagnosis typically made by Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Series Tests, High Resolution Menometry measurements in the gastrointestinal tract, and endoscopies many risk factors may significantly influence the development of hiatal hernias including such things as hard sneezing, pregnancy, heavy lifting, frequent coughing, violent vomiting, constipation strains, and obesity.
Although most hiatal hernia patients require no treatments to alleviate their discomfort, large or paraesophageal hiatal hernias may be treated by elevating the patient’s head when laying down, stress reduction techniques, weight loss, proton pump inhibitors, histomine receptor blockers, Nissen Fundoplication surgeries that wrap the upper portion of the stomach around the inferior section of the esophagus, and laparoscopes.
Possible results of hiatal hernias may include such things as dysphagia, difficulties swallowing, belching, the Gas Blast Syndrome, excess scarring, achalasias of the smooth muscle layer of the esophagus, ingested foods bypassing the stomach and rapidly entering the small intestine undigested, cramping, diarrhea, dizziness, the Early Dumping Syndrome, esophagitis, inflammations of the esophagus, the Barrett’s Esophagus Syndrome, abnormal changes in the cells of the esophagus inferior portion, lung inflation restrictions, and esophagus cancer.
This Article was compiled from several websites that provide much more information about hiatal hernias including: