Treatment for canine kidney disease is most effective when an underlying cause can be determined. Most often, it is brought on by old age; canine kidney disease occurs when the kidneys are not able to remove toxins from the blood as well as they should. Elimination of anything that might impair kidney function is the first treatment method for kidney disease in dogs (i.e. certain medications and stress).
In the early stages of canine kidney disease, your dog may undergo fluid therapy. This can take several hours, varying from dog to dog. During the procedure, the veterinarian will monitor your pup to make sure he is urinating in healthy amounts. If needed, medication may be administered to ensure proper urination.
The veterinarian may induce vomiting to eliminate toxins from the dog’s body. Your dog will likely be given a substance that will make the toxins come back up through the mouth. You should not induce vomiting at home unless directed by your pet’s veterinarian.
When regular therapy doesn’t work, temporary kidney dialysis is often the next course of treatment. It also helps when your dog has poisonous toxins in his body, or if he has suffered urinary trauma. This may help prepare your dog for a kidney transplant.
There are few veterinary clinics that will perform kidney transplants. The surgery itself is usually no problem; the primary reason for avoiding transplants is rejection by the dog’s immune system. At this point, there is usually nothing else that can be done. If you are able to find a clinic in your area that will perform canine kidney transplants, there is a chance you will be required to adopt the donor dog.
You can also help your dog by feeding him a special diet. The kidney tissue will not heal, so the remaining tissue is under a lot more stress. Your dog will need special nutrition to avoid chronic renal failure. Feed him a superior quality, low protein diet; feed him a low-phosphorus diet; watch his sodium intake; and keep him hydrated. You can also help by supplementing his diet with omega-3 fatty acid, water soluble vitamins, a phosphate binder, and a kidney glandular supplement.
Canine Kidney Disease Treatment Options
** Note: This author does not claim to be a veterinary professional. If your dog is showing symptoms of, or has been diagnosed with, canine kidney disease, please discuss treatment options with your dog’s veterinarian.