This series of women in high ranking positions is a major series that will be broken down into several parts. Geraldine Ferraro is the beginning of the series, As you know Montrealers do not have a vice president nor president, our system based on the British system has prime ministers. We continue now with the Queens of England and will end with Montrealers only female Prime Minister of Canada, Right Honorable Kim Campbell. To learn more about Canadian Prime Ministers and other Canadian or Quebec politics, both McGill University and Concordia University offer wonderful political science degrees.
England enjoys a long history of Queens of England.
On July 10, 1553 Lady Jane Grey became the first Queen of England, however this false Queen did not stay in power long. She was deposed in the same month on July 22, 1553, only two weeks after she took the throne.
Queen Mary I (1516 -1558), daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, and granddaughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain took the throne on July 19, 1553. Her reign only lasted for 5 years and 121 days.
Mary is often known as “Bloody Mary” due to the infamous reign of terror during her brief “Roman Catholic” reign in England.
She was very well educated and schooled in music, language (Latin, Spanish and French) and the art
In those days even Queens had very little to say about their futures and who they were to marry. These things were decided by the men and they were usually made as political strategies to strengthen ties and solidify alliances between European nations.
Mary was first promised to the dauphin, son of Francis I of France, when she was only two years old. When the ties with England and France went sour she then was promised to her cousin, The Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain in 1522. The marriage between Mary and her cousin, Charles V was sealed by the Treaty of Windsor. Mary was very young was saved from marriage; eventually her cousin found a more suitable match.
In 1526, Mary had a court at Ludlow, where she was to govern on the borders of Wales. At this time, she was again promised in marriage to the father of the dauphin, Francis I of France.