A Pagan, described in Webster’s dictionary is “a follower of a polytheistic religion.” Poly which is the Greek word for ‘more than one’, allows for the follower of a polytheistic religion to observe the world as a multitude of energies or ‘gods’ that interact with one another. Through Paganism it is the belief that these energies make up the world around us both physically and metaphysically. With that in mind it allows for the pagan mind to see these same energies to be existent within us. For example, the idea of Ares, the god of war, to be one of the best in combat but is almost always defeated by Athena who takes that same combat approach strategically. This allows us the lesson learned that we should plan our moves before taking action to ensure our own success. To set a modern day lifestyle to these values is a type of reconstruction effort that can be compared to the same lessons one would learn from a monotheistic religion. This pagan approach to life and its recognition to a plurality of energies allows for the mind to reach a diverse vitality in knowledge through a reversal of our Judeo-Christian monotheism.
Observing the world without a sense of salvation, absolute faith, or dogmatic view allows the pagan mind limitless possibilities in which have allowed the world as we know it to shape and conform. Pagan morality does not set itself up on sin or the possibility of a punishable afterlife, but the rewards and consequences of the ‘here and now.’ And it’s because of this thought process that has allowed our ancestors to discover the arts of medicine, law philosophy, architecture, astronomy, astrology, and science. The reconstruction effort is to apply these same morals to modern day life using the stories from of our ancestors. The story of Oedipus, studied by Sigmund Freud, was the foundation of his diagnosis of sexual motherly related behavior which is a diagnosis still in practice today.
The diverse renewal of energies and forces are what drive the individual to seek out polytheism that is no longer symbolized by monotheism. This vast community of energies each equipped with their own strengths and weaknesses drives the individual to recognize their own strengths and weaknesses through myth and story. The individuals of today’s world seeking knowledge in medicine would do well to turn to Apollo, god of light, inspiration, healing and the arts. Individuals with dexterous capabilities would do well to turn to Hephaestus, god of metal working and a blacksmith. The varieties of energies that exist and that are currently among us can expand our knowledge and capabilities once recognized through a polytheistic perspective.
“Oedipus Complex” Encyclopaedia Britanica