Fibroids are benign tumors made mostly out of muscle tissues that are usually in the wall of the uterus, but are sometimes on the cervix also. They range in size- from about the size of a pea to the size of a cantaloupe. There is no exact cause of fibroids. All that is known is that they need estrogen to grow. Below are the signs and symptoms of Fibroids, and the various treatment to help get rid of them.
Signs and Symptoms
– Swelling in the upper and/or lower abdomen.
– Heavy menstrual bleeding and bleeding even after having your monthly period and sex.
– Pain during sex and during periods. Also backache, and pain when pressure is put on the internal organs.
– Chronic constipation due to pressure on the rectum.
– Infertility and miscarriage due to the fibroid being inside the uterus, causing problems for the placenta.
Waiting and watching. A doctor will usually watch and wait before taking any further action. Why? Because Fibroids often shrink and go away on their own after a while. This treatment method is avoided if a woman is going through to much pain due to the Fibroids, too much bleeding, or the abdomen is getting to large.
You may be prescribed medication. One type of medication for treating Fibroids is called GnRH argonist. This medication stops the body from making estrogen, which in return shrinks the Fibroids. This medication can only be taken for 6 months, as it’s side effects can lead to osteoporosis. The bad side of this medication is that once it is stops, the Fibroids can potentially return.
Surgery. There are three main methods of surgery used for women that have Fibroids: Myomectomy, Uterine Artery Embolization, and a hysterectomy.
In a Myomectomy the Fibroids are removed, but the uterus isn’t. Although this surgical method is the easiest, it is the most likely to allow Fibroids to grow back. In a Uterine Artery Embolization,a catheter is inserted in a large blood vessel in the groin and sent to the uterine arteries. A substance is then given that blocks blood flow to the uterine arteries and shrinks the Fibroids.When getting a hysterectomy the uterus is removed with the Fibroids in it. This method is only used when the Fibroid is very large and is the only way to get rid of them for good.
The best way to prevent Fibroids is to have a diet low in fat. The more fat you have on your body the more estrogen you’re likely to have, which promotes fibroid growth. Also, make sure to get plenty of exercise to reduce estrogen levels, which in return will reduce the chances of having Fibroids.
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