When choosing to plant a tree, several factors must be considered. If the wrong decision is made, damage could be done to your house or could have a serious ecological impact. Not to mention hundreds of dollars wasted. However, planting trees around a house is one of the best way to lower electricity bills, sequester carbon, provide shade, and maybe provide food. Choosing a tree is not difficult when aware of these considerations.
When deciding to buy a tree one must consider the size of tree they want. Tree size can range from 10-150 feet tall. Trees can also be over 75 ft wide. These large trees are not an acceptable option if looking to plant a tree fairly close to the house. Also, be considerate if there are nearby neighbors, because the tree owner will be responsible for any damage done, like a branch falling on a vehicle. If looking to plant a large tree near your house, make sure the tree has strong wood. Trees that are fast growing tend to have weaker branches. During storms, these trees are more likely to have broken branches.
Depending on the location of the possible plant sites, the sun will be more intense. If planting in full sun, make sure to choose a tree that grows best in full sun. Other trees like to be in total shade for most of the day, while some prefer sun-shade. Sun-shade trees need some shade during the day.
Depending on which part of the country the tree is being planted drought tolerance is crucial. Planting a tree that does not have any drought tolerance in a place like Texas is setting yourself up for failure. These trees did not evolve to survive in these types of environments.
Temperature tolerance may not sound particularly significant, until wintertime comes around. I planted a lemon tree in my backyard and the tree did not make it past the first winter. However, botanists are constantly creating hybrid variations of fruit plants, so they can be grown throughout the world.
While some people may not find this last consideration relevant, planting invasive species can have disastrous ecological effects. Usually, the other factors mentioned prohibit the surviving of many of the species that are not native. However, when bringing plants that have similar living conditions but survive in different parts of the world can quickly overtake a new area. Examples of these types of plants include privets and China Berries.
Many people think they do not have to consider these factors. However, they will quickly be digging out a dead tree. Nevertheless, success is possible when remembering that trees are living things with needs much like our own.