Lesson 9 – The Period of Disunity and the Sui Dynasty (220 – 618 AD)
A. Ban Zhao (Pan Chao) – 49-120 AD – was noted as China ‘s most famous scholar and wrote “History of the Former Han Dynasty”
B. 220 – 589 AD was known as the Secon Period of Disunity. The Han empire breaks up into the Wei, Shu and Wu kingdom and becomes known as the “Three Kingdoms” A modern-day computer game has been invented to see which of these kingdoms could become dominant.
C. Buddhism introduced into China in 67 AD. By 200 AD, Buddhism has much official support and a unifying effect.
D. Sui Wendi – 589 AD – started Sui Dynasty. Noted for the completion of the Grand Canal which took greater effort than the Great Wall. Sui Wendi was a Buddhist nobleman.
E. Another great construction of the Sui Dynasty was the Zhao Zhou bridge in Hebei province.
F. Sui Yangdi – 605 AD – killed his father and became the second and last Sui emperor. Considered among the more evil of Chinese emperors.
- Why were written histories of Chinese dynasties important to Chinese students?
- Why was the Grand Canal a more useful project that the Great Wall?
- How was Buddhism introduced into Chinese society?
- Why are bridges important to the Chinese economy?
Additional Internet Research Links For This Lesson:
Augmentation of Lesson 9
- Invasions of northern barbarians begin to increase.
- Revolts throughout the provinces increase.
- Expansion of the empire continued despite trouble in more established areas.
- Foreign trade expanded under the Sui.
- Civil Service becomes an established part of Chinese society.
- The safety of the Silk Road is preserved.
- The first major university is founded in 124 BC called The Imperial Academy .
- Confucianism not only emerged, but revised every aspect of Taoist writing and folklore in the empire.
- Land taxes were reduced from 1/5 to 1/15 under the Han.
- Buddhism becomes prominent in Tibet and spreads East.