Lesson 13 – The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644)
A. The Ming Dynasty lasted from 1368-1644 AD. Surviving texts of the Ming Dynasty are catalogued in the Yong Le encyclopedia.
B. European “foreign devils” in the form of Portuguese arrived in 1514 near Guangzhou .
C. Missionaries quickly followed in Macao by 1582; over 300 Catholic churches were established by the Jesuits.
D. Manchu (Ming rulers) made Chinese men shave the front of their heads and wear the rest of their hair in a pigtail instead of a top-knot that was traditionally worn. Buddhist monks and Taoist monks were the exception to the rule. They could shave their heads completely.
E. Kang Xi – had the longest reign of any Chinese emperor (1661-1722 AD). He wrote to Louis XIV of France , made a treaty with Peter the Great of Russia and was responsible for dividing up Manchuria . He also favored the academic life.
- Why did the mass arrival of Europeans in the 1500s prove disastrous for China ?
- Why was gunpowder a profound discovery?
- Why was paper a great discovery?
- How did silk add to China ‘s economy?
- How did Kang Xi increase European involvement with China ?
Additional Internet Research Links For This Lesson:
European Intrusion Into China
Augmentation for Lesson 13
- The fall of the Yuan was due to three factors: 1. Southern alienation of Confucianist Chinese, 2. The subjugation of the administrative class, and 3. An economic revolt by the Southern Chinese businessmen who refused to pay excessive Pao to the Yuan.
- Chu Yuan Chang – was a Buddhist monk and rebel who led a march north and became the first emperor of the Ming.
- Japanese pirates became a problem after Japan was conquered by the Mongols. Japanese piracy continued after the fall of the Mongols and during the Ming.
- Korea also revolted when the Mongols left Korea and the Ming tried to retain power over Korea .
- After the Ming revolt, Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism once again regained dominance in mainstream China .
- Wang Yang was an influential Ming ruler who tried to reinstate Buddhism; he was killed by a Confucianist eunuch.