Curriculum trends are the determining influence of future design and development within curriculum itself. These trends within curriculum are usually based on social responses within society. Curricular trends come from various factors affecting curricular and content changes within the educational sector.
Curricular changes are seen in many ways within the educational sector. A small number of the changes that will be seen in the next 10 years include early childhood education, cultural change, special needs demographics, advancing technology, use of alternative assessments, and an increase in use of distant learning.
Early Childhood Education
Current trends in this area are causing increased pressure and stress on children while undermining their learning and health. This places early childhood education in the arena of possible major reconstruction of content and standards.
An ever growing change in demographics creates a constant need in the area of curricular changes. Increasing immigration generates more need for bilingual instruction and English as Second Language materials for availability.
Changes are relevant in the area involving special needs children. Local and regional demographic studies should be used to determine curricular needs involving special needs children. Examples include autistic and deaf children.
Advancing technology within the educational sector is an ever increasing change affecting curricular changes. Implementation of technology within the curriculum is essential in curricular development.
Advancing technology also brings more options of alternative assessment for evaluating student learning outcomes. With increasing use of computer technology will increase use of student performance assessment. Increased use of the World Wide Web for various assignments such as web quests will also increase more student performance assessments.
Other methods of alternative assessment using student performance assessment include computer simulations, oral presentations, paired explanations, progressive interviews, and videotaped demonstrations.
Another relevant area of change that is coming with technology is more distant learning opportunities. This comes in many forms across the educational sector from students accessing classroom assignments and materials using distance learning opportunities to home school students using more opportunities to use distant learning.
Each of the areas discussed will bring more change to the design and development of curriculum based on curricular trends. Changes will help to increase the effectiveness of teaching children in the future.