Classroom teachers know the value of every teaching moment. Teachers continually seek effective classroom teaching strategies to help them make use of each available moment. A teacher can gain valuable teaching time by using admit and exit tickets as a strategy for monitoring student learning and introducing or reviewing instruction.
Amount of Time Wasted During Normal Change of Classes and Record-taking Procedures
A school year is made up of approximately 200 days. Consequently, for every minute involved in changing classes, checking roll, taking up homework and passing out papers, the amount of time utilized over one school year equals 3 1/3 hours. If used for instruction or application of concepts, those hours might go far in advancing a student’s learning mastery. It is not unusual to spend 3 to 4 minutes at the beginning and end of each class period for record-keeping and classroom management tasks unrelated to acquiring knowledge.
Using Admit and Exit Tickets in Turning Beginning and Ending Class Time into Instructional Time
Admit tickets are brief writing activities issued to students at the beginning of a class period requiring students to be on task as early into the class period as possible. Not to be confused with journal activities, admit tickets may instruct students to complete activities such as:
* Briefly summarizing concepts studied in a previous class
* Elaborating upon homework assignments
* Explaining what they already know about a given topic to aid in facilitation of instruction
* Formulating questions they have about previously covered points
Exit Tickets, usually lasting between 2 and 10 minutes, are collected by the teacher at the end of the period while she stands at the door as students are exiting the classroom. Teachers may use exit tickets to do any of the following:
* Check students’ understanding by having them summarize key points from the lesson
* Ask any questions they have about points covered
* Solve a problem or answer questions based upon the lesson
* Point out the “essential question” for the day’s lesson.
Admit tickets and exit tickets help teachers extend the lesson in areas where students indicate further review is needed.
Grading Admit Tickets and Exit Tickets
To encourage students to put effort into creating quality work, grading these tickets is necessary. Teachers might grade admit and exit tickets in these ways:
* Assign a maximum point value of 20 to each ticket, combining five days into an overall grade with a maximum 100-point value.
* Assign a point value to each, allowing students to add acquired points to a test grade.
* Allow students who earn a specified number of points on exit tickets to replace a homework grade or low non-test grade.
* Allow students to substitute a certain number of admit / exit ticket points to replace a question on an essay test.
Teachers who use admit and exit tickets as classroom teaching strategies often find themselves depending upon information they glean from them valuable in more creating more effective teaching in future lessons.