The hormones in certain contraceptives are often not recommended for individuals who have high blood pressure and, in some cases, may even cause high levels. If you are someone who suffers from this problem, choosing the right birth control method can seem like a challenge. Here are some of the best methods of birth control for high blood pressure to take into consideration.
Progestin-only Oral Contraceptives
Women who have high blood pressure should not rule out oral contraceptives completely. Birth control pills which contain higher levels of estrogen are more likely to raise blood pressure levels, according to the Mayo Clinic. For this reason, combination birth control pills should be avoided. Talk to your doctor about progestin-only birth control pills if you have high blood pressure.
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
The IUD, which is a tiny device that is inserted into the uterus by a doctor, is a highly effective birth control method. It is possible to become pregnant as soon as it is removed. ParaGard, which is a non-hormonal intrauterine device, is one of the most ideal options for women with high blood pressure. Note that women are more likely to experience heavier menstrual periods while taking ParaGard. The Mirena IUD contains progestin, but no estrogen. It is another type of intrauterine device to talk to your doctor about if you have high blood pressure.
Depo-Provera (the Birth Control Shot)
Depo-Provera is generally thought to be a safe option for women who have high blood pressure or may have experienced it on other birth control methods. This method of contraception must be injected every 11 to 13 weeks. While it is generally recommended to individuals with high blood pressure because it does not contain estrogen, the American Pregnancy Association recommends talking to your doctor before using the shot if you are concerned about this health problem.
Before making the decision to go on any birth control pill, it is important to talk to your doctor if you have a history of increased blood pressure levels. Combination oral contraceptives, vaginal rings, and the birth control patch are all known to worsen this problem in some women. Women who begin using the birth control pill are generally recommended to have their blood pressure taken every three to six months while using this method of contraception.
Disclaimer: This article is intended for educational purposes only. It is not meant to replace the diagnosis and treatment of a doctor. If you have any concerns or questions about your health, it is important to seek medical attention from a licensed healthcare professional.
American Pregnancy Association, “Depo-Provera: Quarterly Injection.”
Feminist Women’s Health Center, “What is an Intra Uterine Device (IUD)?”
Mayo Clinic, “Medications and supplements that can raise your blood pressure.”